Worldwide, at least 2.8 million people die each year as a result of being overweight or obese,
and an estimated 35.8 million (2.3%) of global DALYs are caused by overweight or obesity.
Overweight and obesity lead to adverse metabolic effects on:
- blood pressure
- triglycerides and insulin resistance.
- Risks of coronary heart disease.
- Risk of cancer of the breast,colon, Prostate, endometrium,kidney and gall bladder.
ischemic stroke and type 2 diabetes mellitus increase steadily with increasing body mass index (BMI),
a measure of weight relative to height.Mortality rates increase with increasing degrees of overweight,
as measured by body mass index.To achieve optimum health, the median body mass index for an adult population
should be in the range of 21 to 23 kg/m2,
while the goal for individuals should be to maintain body mass index in the range 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2.
There is increased risk of co-morbidities for body mass index 25.0 to 29.9, and moderate to severe risk of co-morbidities
for body mass index greater than 30.
Credit: | Source:www.who.int/..